Sahih Al Bukhari 1: Chapter 3, Hadith 87

(87) The Prophet urged the people (mission) of Abdul Qais to memorize the faith and the (religious) knowledge (as he explained to them) and to inform (convey) to their people whom they have left behind (at home)

حَدَّثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ بَشَّارٍ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏قَالَ:‏‏‏‏ حَدَّثَنَا غُنْدَرٌ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏قَالَ:‏‏‏‏ حَدَّثَنَا شُعْبَةُ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏عَنْ أَبِي جَمْرَةَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏قَالَ:‏‏‏‏ كُنْتُ أُتَرْجِمُ بَيْنَ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ وَبَيْنَ النَّاسِ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَقَالَ:‏‏‏‏ إِنَّ وَفْدَ عَبْدِ الْقَيْسِ أَتَوْا النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَقَالَ:‏‏‏‏ مَنِ الْوَفْدُ أَوْ مَنِ الْقَوْمُ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏قَالُوا:‏‏‏‏ رَبِيعَةُ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَقَالَ:‏‏‏‏ مَرْحَبًا بِالْقَوْمِ أَوْ بِالْوَفْدِ غَيْرَ خَزَايَا وَلَا نَدَامَى، ‏‏‏‏‏‏قَالُوا:‏‏‏‏ إِنَّا نَأْتِيكَ مِنْ شُقَّةٍ بَعِيدَةٍ وَبَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَكَ هَذَا الْحَيُّ مِنْ كُفَّارِ مُضَرَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏وَلَا نَسْتَطِيعُ أَنْ نَأْتِيَكَ إِلَّا فِي شَهْرٍ حَرَامٍ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏فَمُرْنَا بِأَمْرٍ نُخْبِرُ بِهِ مَنْ وَرَاءَنَا نَدْخُلُ بِهِ الْجَنَّةَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏"فَأَمَرَهُمْ بِأَرْبَعٍ وَنَهَاهُمْ عَنْ أَرْبَعٍ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏أَمَرَهُمْ بِالْإِيمَانِ بِاللَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ وَحْدَهُ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏قَالَ:‏‏‏‏ هَلْ تَدْرُونَ مَا الْإِيمَانُ بِاللَّهِ وَحْدَهُ؟ قَالُوا:‏‏‏‏ اللَّهُ وَرَسُولُهُ أَعْلَمُ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏قَالَ:‏‏‏‏ شَهَادَةُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَأَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ اللَّهِ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏وَإِقَامُ الصَّلَاةِ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏وَإِيتَاءُ الزَّكَاةِ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏وَصَوْمُ رَمَضَانَ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏وَتُعْطُوا الْخُمُسَ مِنَ الْمَغْنَمِ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏وَنَهَاهُمْ عَنِ الدُّبَّاءِ وَالْحَنْتَمِ وَالْمُزَفَّتِ. قَالَ شُعْبَةُ:‏‏‏‏ رُبَّمَا قَالَ النَّقِيرِ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏وَرُبَّمَا قَالَ الْمُقَيَّرِ، ‏‏‏‏‏‏قَالَ:‏‏‏‏ احْفَظُوهُ وَأَخْبِرُوهُ مَنْ وَرَاءَكُمْ".
Narrated Abu Jamra: I was an interpreter between the people and Ibn `Abbas. Once Ibn `Abbas said that a delegation of the tribe of `Abdul Qais came to the Prophet who asked them, Who are the people (i.e. you)? (Or) who are the delegates? They replied, We are from the tribe of Rabi`a. Then the Prophet said to them, Welcome, O people (or said, O delegation (of `Abdul Qais). ) Neither will you have disgrace nor will you regret. They said, We have come to you from a distant place and there is the tribe of the infidels of Mudar intervening between you and us and we cannot come to you except in the sacred month. So please order us to do something good (religious deeds) and that we may also inform our people whom we have left behind (at home) and that we may enter Paradise (by acting on them.) The Prophet ordered them to do four things, and forbade them from four things. He ordered them to believe in Allah Alone, the Honorable the Majestic and said to them, Do you know what is meant by believing in Allah Alone? They replied, Allah and His Apostle know better. Thereupon the Prophet said, (That means to testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is His Apostle, to offer prayers perfectly, to pay Zakat, to observe fasts during the month of Ramadan, (and) to pay Al-Khumus (one fifth of the booty to be given in Allah's cause). Then he forbade them four things, namely Ad-Dubba.' Hantam, Muzaffat (and) An-Naqir or Muqaiyar (These were the names of pots in which alcoholic drinks used to be prepared). The Prophet further said, Memorize them (these instructions) and tell them to the people whom you have left behind.


Sahih Al Bukhari 1: Chapter 3, Hadith 87

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